SECURITIES PURCHASE AGREEMENT
28-32 Pembroke St Upper
Dublin 2, Ireland
Ladies & Gentlemen:
The undersigned (the “Investor”), hereby confirms its agreement with you as follows:
1. This Securities Purchase Agreement, including the Terms and Conditions set forth in Annex I (the “Terms and Conditions”), the Risk Factors set forth in Annex II (the “Risk Factors”), and exhibits, which are all attached hereto and incorporated herein by reference as if fully set forth herein (the “Agreement”), is made as of the date set forth below between Almah, Inc., a Nevada corporation (the “Company”), and the Investor.
2. The Company has authorized the sale and issuance of up to 4,000,000 Units of the Company securities to certain Investors in a private placement (the “Offering”). Each Unit each consists of 1 share of the Company’s common stock, $0.001 par value (the “Shares”), and warrants in the form attached hereto as Exhibit A (the “Warrants”) exercisable to purchase 1 share of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $0.75 per share, exercisable over twelve (12) months (the “Warrant Shares”) and in accordance with the terms set forth in the Warrants.
3. Pursuant to the Terms and Conditions, the Company and the Investor agree that the Investor will purchase from the Company and the Company will issue and sell to the Investor _____________ Units, for a purchase price of $0.50 per Unit, for an aggregate purchase price of $___________ consisting of ___________ Shares and ___________ Warrants to purchase shares of common stock of the Company. Unless otherwise requested by the Investor, certificates representing the Common Stock purchased by the Investor will be registered in the Investor’s name and address as set forth below.
Please confirm that the foregoing correctly sets forth the agreement between us by signing in the space provided below for that purpose.
|Date: __________, 2013||Investor:|
Social Security Number or TIN (if applicable):
TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR PURCHASE OF UNITS
Investment in the Company involves a high degree of risk. Investor should carefully consider the risk factors set forth in Annex II in addition to the other information set forth in this Annex I before purchasing securities of the Company.
1. Authorization and Sale of the Units. Subject to these Terms and Conditions, the Company has authorized the sale of up to 4,000,000 units (“Units”) of the Company at $0.50 per Unit, each consisting of 1 share of the Company’s common stock, $0.001 par value (the “Shares”), and a warrant (the “Warrants”) exercisable to purchase 1 share of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $0.75 per share, exercisable over an twelve (12) month period (the “Warrant Shares”) and in accordance with the terms set forth in the Warrants (the “Shares” and “Warrants,” collectively, a “Unit”). The Company reserves the right to increase or decrease this number. All references to currency in this Securities Purchase Agreement shall refer to the lawful currency of the United States of America.
2. Agreement to Sell and Purchase the Units.
2.1 At the Closing (as defined in Section 3 of this Annex I), the Company will sell to the Investor, and the Investor will purchase from the Company, upon the terms and conditions hereinafter set forth, the number of Units, if applicable, set forth in Section 3 of the Signature Page to the Securities Purchase Agreement at the purchase price set forth thereon.
2.2 The Company may enter into the same form of Securities Purchase Agreement (“Agreement”), including these Terms and Conditions, with other Investors and expects to complete sales of subsequent Units to other Investors.
3. Delivery of the Shares and Warrants at Closing. The completion of the purchase and sale of the Units (the “Closing”) shall occur at the offices of the Company upon receipt of cleared funds and fully executed documents for the purchase of the Units on each date set by the Company, provided that a final closing shall occur no later than June 30, 2014 which date may be extended at the sole discretion of the Company. Within seven (7) days after each Closing, the Company shall deliver to the Investor one or more stock certificates representing the number of Shares and a Warrant representing the number of shares of common stock as set forth in Section 3 of the Signature Page to the Securities Purchase Agreement, each such certificate, certificates or warrant to be registered in the name of the Investor, as set forth in Section 3 of the Signature Page to the Securities Purchase Agreement.
The Company’s obligation to issue the Shares and Warrants to the Investor shall be subject to the following conditions, any one or more of which may be waived by the Company: (a) receipt by the Company of a certified or official bank check or wire transfer of funds in the full amount of the purchase price for the Units being purchased hereunder as set forth in Section 3 of Signature Page to the Securities Purchase Agreement; and (b) the accuracy of the representations and warranties made by the Investor and the fulfillment of those undertakings of the Investor to be fulfilled prior to the Closing.
The Investor’s obligation to purchase the Units shall be subject to the following conditions, any one or more of which may be waived by the Investor: (1) the representations and warranties of the Company set forth herein shall be true and correct as of the Closing Date in all material respects and (2) the Investor shall have received such documents as such Investor shall reasonably have requested in connection with its due diligence.
4. Representations, Warranties and Covenants of the Company. The Company hereby represents and warrants to, and covenants with, the Investor, as follows:
4.1 Organization. The Company is duly organized and validly existing in good standing under the laws of the jurisdiction of its organization. The Company has full power and authority to own, operate and occupy its properties and to conduct its business as presently contemplated and is registered or qualified to do business and in good standing in each jurisdiction in which the nature of the business conducted by it or the location of the properties owned or leased by it requires such qualification and where the failure to be so qualified would have a material adverse effect upon the condition (financial or otherwise), earnings, business, properties or operations of the Company (a “Material Adverse Effect”), and no proceeding has been instituted in any such jurisdiction, revoking, limiting or curtailing, or seeking to revoke, limit or curtail, such power and authority or qualification.
4.2 Due Authorization and Valid Issuance. The Company has all requisite power and authority to execute, deliver and perform its obligations under the Agreement, and the Agreement has been duly authorized and validly executed and delivered by the Company and constitutes a legal, valid and binding agreement of the Company enforceable against the Company in accordance with their terms, except as rights to indemnity and contribution may be limited by state or federal securities laws or the public policy underlying such laws, except as enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or similar laws affecting creditors’ and contracting parties’ rights generally and except as enforceability may be subject to general principles of equity (regardless of whether such enforceability is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law). No further approval or authorization of any stockholder, the Board of Directors of the Company or others is required for the issuance and sale of the Units. The Shares and the shares of Common Stock of the Company issuable upon exercise of the Warrants being purchased by the Investor hereunder will, upon issuance and payment therefore pursuant to the terms hereof, be duly authorized, validly issued, fully-paid and nonassessable.
4.3 Non-Contravention. The execution and delivery of the Agreement, the issuance and sale of the Units under the Agreement, the fulfillment of the terms of the Agreement and the consummation of the transactions contemplated thereby will not (A) conflict with or constitute a violation of, or default under, (i) any material bond, debenture, note or other evidence of indebtedness, lease, contract, indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, loan agreement, joint venture or other agreement or instrument to which the Company is a party or by which it or its properties are bound, (ii) the charter, by-laws or other organizational documents of the Company, or (iii) any law, administrative regulation, ordinance or order of any court or governmental agency, arbitration panel or authority applicable to the Company or its properties, except in the case of clauses (i) and (iii) for any such conflicts, violations or defaults which are not reasonably likely to have a Material Adverse Effect or (B) result in the creation or imposition of any lien, encumbrance, claim, security interest or restriction whatsoever upon any of the material properties or assets of the Company or an acceleration of indebtedness pursuant to any obligation, agreement or condition contained in any material bond, debenture, note or any other evidence of indebtedness or any material indenture, mortgage, deed of trust or any other agreement or instrument to which the Company is a party or by which any of them is bound or to which any of the material property or assets of the Company is subject.
4.4 Capitalization. As of the date of execution of this Agreement, there are 6,030,000 shares of the Company’s common stock issued and outstanding. Except as disclosed to the Investor or in documents (the “Exchange Act Documents”) filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), there are no other outstanding rights (including, without limitation, preemptive rights), warrants or options to acquire, or instruments convertible into or exchangeable for, any unissued shares of capital stock or other equity interest in the Company or any contract, commitment, agreement, understanding or arrangement of any kind to which the Company is a party or of which the Company has knowledge and relating to the issuance or sale of any capital stock of the Company, any such convertible or exchangeable securities or any such rights, warrants or options.
4.5 Legal Proceedings. There is no material legal or governmental proceeding pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened to which the Company is or may be a party or of which the business or property of the Company is subject that is not disclosed in the Exchange Act Documents.
4.6 No Violations. The Company is not in violation of its charter, bylaws, or other organizational document, or in violation of any law, administrative regulation, ordinance or order of any court or governmental agency, arbitration panel or authority applicable to the Company, which violation, individually or in the aggregate, would be reasonably likely to have a Material Adverse Effect, or is in default (and there exists no condition which, with the passage of time or otherwise, would constitute a default) in any material respect in the performance of any bond, debenture, note or any other evidence of indebtedness in any indenture, mortgage, deed of trust or any other material agreement or instrument to which the Company is a party or by which the Company is bound or by which the properties of the Company are bound, which would be reasonably likely to have a Material Adverse Effect.
5. Representations, Warranties and Covenants of the Investor.
5.1 The Investor represents and warrants to, and covenants with, the Company that: (i) the Investor is an “accredited investor” as defined in Rule 501 of Regulation D under the Securities Act and that the Investor is knowledgeable, sophisticated and experienced in making, and is qualified to make decisions with respect to investments in shares presenting an investment decision like that involved in the purchase of the Units, including investments in securities issued by the Company and investments in comparable companies, and has requested, received, reviewed and considered all information it deemed relevant in making an informed decision to purchase the Units; (ii) the Investor has carefully read and fully understands the risks involved with an investment in the Company including, without limitation, the risks identified on Annex II, attached hereto, (iii) the Investor is acquiring the number of Units set forth in Section 3 of the Signature Page to the Securities Purchase Agreement in the ordinary course of its business and for its own account for investment only and with no present intention of distributing any of such Units or any arrangement or understanding with any other persons regarding the distribution of such Units; (iv) the Investor will not, directly or indirectly, offer, sell, pledge, transfer or otherwise dispose of (or solicit any offers to buy, purchase or otherwise acquire or take a pledge of) any of the Units except in compliance with the Securities Act, applicable state securities laws and the respective rules and regulations promulgated thereunder; (v) all of the representations made by the Investor are true, correct and complete as of the date hereof and will be true, correct and complete as of the Closing Date; and (vi) the Investor has, in connection with its decision to purchase the number of Units set forth in Section 3 of the Signature Page to the Securities Purchase Agreement, relied only upon the Exchange Act Documents and the representations and warranties of the Company contained herein. There are no suits, pending litigation, or claims against the undersigned that could materially affect the net worth of the Investor.
5.2 The Investor acknowledges that it has had access to the Exchange Act Documents and has carefully reviewed the same. The Investor further acknowledges that the Company has made available to it the opportunity to ask questions of and receive answers from the Company’s officers and directors concerning the terms and conditions of this Agreement and the business and financial condition of the Company, and the Investor has received to its satisfaction, such information about the business and financial condition of the Company and the terms and conditions of the Agreement as it has requested. The Investor has carefully considered the potential risks relating to the Company and a purchase of the Units, and fully understands that the Units are speculative investments, which involve a high degree of risk of loss of the Investor’s entire investment. Among others, the undersigned has carefully considered each of the risks identified under the caption “Risk Factors” in the Exchange Act Documents and Annex II.
5.3 The Investor acknowledges, represents and agrees that no action has been or will be taken in any jurisdiction outside the United States by the Company that would permit an offering of the Units, or possession or distribution of offering materials in connection with the issuance of the Units, in any jurisdiction outside the United States where legal action by the Company for that purpose is required. Investor will comply with all applicable laws and regulations in each foreign jurisdiction in which it purchases, offers, sells or delivers Units, Shares, Warrants or Warrant Shares or has in its possession or distributes any offering material, in all cases at its own expense.
5.4 The Investor hereby covenants with the Company not to make any sale of the Units, Shares, Warrants or Warrant Shares without complying with the provisions of this Agreement, and the Investor acknowledges that the certificates evidencing the Shares will be imprinted with a legend that prohibits their transfer except in accordance therewith. The overall commitment of the Investor to investments, which are not readily marketable, is not excessive in view of the Investor’s net worth and financial circumstances, and any purchase of the Units will not cause such commitment to become excessive. The Investor is able to bear the economic risk of an investment in the Units.
5.5 The Investor further represents and warrants to, and covenants with, the Company that (i) the Investor has full right, power, authority and capacity to enter into this Agreement and to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby and has taken all necessary action to authorize the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement, and (ii) this Agreement constitutes a valid and binding obligation of the Investor enforceable against the Investor in accordance with its terms, except as enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or similar laws affecting creditors’ and contracting parties’ rights generally and except as enforceability may be subject to general principles of equity (regardless of whether such enforceability is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law).
5.6 Investor will not use any of the restricted Shares or Warrant Shares acquired pursuant to this Agreement to cover any short position in the Common Stock of the Company if doing so would be in violation of applicable securities laws.
5.7 The Investor understands that nothing in the Exchange Act Documents, this Agreement or any other materials presented to the Investor in connection with the purchase and sale of the Units constitutes legal, tax or investment advice. The Investor has consulted such legal, tax and investment advisors, as it, in its sole discretion, has deemed necessary or appropriate in connection with its purchase of the Units.
5.8 The Investor understands that the issuance of the Units to the Investor has not been registered under the Securities Act in reliance upon one or more specific exemptions therefrom, including Regulation D and/or Regulation S, which exemption depends upon, among other things, the accuracy of the Investor’s representations made in this Agreement. The Investor understands that the Units must be held indefinitely unless subsequently registered under the Securities Act and qualified under applicable state securities laws, or unless an exemption from such registration and qualification requirements is otherwise available. The Investor acknowledges that the Company has no obligation to register or qualify the Units or underlying Shares or Warrant Shares for resale. The Investor acknowledges that the Company will refuse to register any transfer of Units, Shares or Warrant Shares that is not made in accordance with the provisions of Regulation S, registered pursuant to the Securities Act or otherwise exempt from such registration. The Investor further acknowledges that if an exemption from registration or qualification is available, it may be conditioned on various requirements including, but not limited to, the time and manner of sale, the holding period for the Shares or Warrant Shares, and requirements relating to the Company which are outside of the Investor’s control, and which the Company is under no obligation and may not be able to satisfy. The Investor has been independently advised as to the applicable holding period imposed in respect of the Shares by securities legislation in the jurisdiction in which the undersigned resides and confirms that no representation has been made respecting the applicable holding periods for the Shares or Warrant Shares in such jurisdiction and it is aware of the risks and other characteristics of the Units and of the fact that the undersigned may not resell the Units, Shares or Warrant Shares except in accordance with applicable securities legislation and regulatory policy.
5.9 A copy of the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K, its quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and information statements are available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.
5.10 For purposes of compliance with the Regulation S exemption for the offer and sale of the Units (defined in this Section 5.10 to include the underlying Shares and Warrant Shares) to non-U.S. Persons, if the Investor is not a “U.S. Person,” as such term is defined in Rule 902(k) of Regulation S,1 the Investor represents and warrants that the Investor is a person or entity that is outside the United States, and further represents and warrants as follows:
|1||Regulation S provides in part as follows:|
1. “U.S. person” means: (i) any natural person resident in the United States; (ii) any partnership or corporation organized or incorporated under the laws of the United States; (iii) any estate of which any executor or administrator is a U.S. person; (iv) any trust of which any trustee is a U.S. person; (v) any agency or branch of a foreign entity located in the United States; (vi) any non-discretionary account or similar account (other than an estate or trust) held by a dealer or other fiduciary for the benefit or account of a U.S. person; (vii) any discretionary account or similar account (other than an estate or trust) held by a dealer or other fiduciary organized, incorporated, or (if an individual) resident in the United States; and (viii) any partnership or corporation if: (A) organized or incorporated under the laws of any foreign jurisdiction; and (B) formed by a U.S. person principally for the purpose of investing in securities not registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, unless it is organized or incorporated, and owned, by accredited investors (as defined in Rule 501(a)) who are not natural persons, estates or trusts.
2. The following are not “U.S. persons”: (i) any discretionary account or similar account (other than an estate or trust) held for the benefit or account of a non-U.S. person by a dealer or other professional fiduciary organized, incorporated, or (if an individual) resident in the United States; (ii) any estate of which any professional fiduciary acting as executor or administrator is a U.S. person if: (A) an executor or administrator of the estate who is not a U.S. person has sole or shared investment discretion with respect to the assets of the estate; and (B) the estate is governed by foreign law; (iii) any trust of which any professional fiduciary acting as trustee is a U.S. person, if a trustee who is not a U.S. person has sole or shared investment discretion with respect to the trust assets, and no beneficiary of the trust (and no settlor if the trust is revocable) is a U.S. person; (iv) an employee benefit plan established and administered in accordance with the law of a country other than the United States and customary practices and documentation of such country; (v) any agency or branch of a U.S. person located outside the United States if: (A) the agency or branch operates for valid business reasons; and (B) the agency or branch is engaged in the business of insurance or banking and is subject to substantive insurance or banking regulation, respectively, in the jurisdiction where located; and (vi) the International Monetary Fund, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the African Development Bank, the United Nations, and their agencies, affiliates and pension plans, and any other similar international organizations, their agencies, affiliates and pension plans.
(a) The Investor is not acting and purchasing (or proposes to purchase) the Units on behalf of any other persons, entities or accounts and is not acquiring the Units for the account or benefit of a U.S. Person. The Investor represents and warrants that the Investor is not a “U.S. Person” (as defined in Rule 902(k) under the Securities Act) and was located outside the United States at the time any offer to buy the Units was made and at the time the buy offer was originated by the undersigned.
(b) If the Investor is a legal entity, it has not been formed specifically for the purpose of investing in the Company.
(c) The Investor hereby represents that he, she or it has satisfied and fully observed the laws of the jurisdiction in which he, she or it is located or domiciled, in connection with the acquisition of the Units, including (i) the legal requirements of the Investor’s jurisdiction for the acquisition of the Units, (ii) any foreign exchange restrictions applicable to such acquisition, (iii) any governmental or other consents that may need to be obtained, and (iv) the income tax and other tax consequences, if any, which may be relevant to the holding, redemption, sale, or transfer of the Units; and further, the Investor agrees to continue to comply with such laws as long as he, she or it shall hold the Units.
(d) To the knowledge of the Investor, without having made any independent investigation, neither the Company nor any person acting for the Company, has conducted any “directed selling efforts” in the United States as the term “directed selling efforts” is defined in Rule 902 of Regulation S, which, in general, means any activity undertaken for the purpose of, or that could reasonably be expected to have the effect of, conditioning the marketing in the United States for any of the Units being offered. Such activity includes, without limitation, the mailing of printed material to investors residing in the United States, the holding of promotional seminars in the United States, and the placement of advertisements with radio or television stations broadcasting in the United States or in publications with a general circulation in the United States, which discuss the offering of the Units. To the knowledge of the Investor, the Units were not offered to the undersigned through, and the undersigned is not aware of, any form of general solicitation or general advertising, including without limitation, (i) any advertisement, article, notice or other communication published in any newspaper, magazine or similar media or broadcast over television or radio, and (ii) any seminar or meeting whose attendees have been invited by any general solicitation or general advertising.
(e) The Investor will offer, sell or otherwise transfer the Units, only (A) pursuant to a registration statement that has been declared effective under the Securities Act, (B) pursuant to offers and sales that occur outside the United States within the meaning of Regulation S in a transaction meeting the requirements of Rule 904 (or other applicable Rule) under the Securities Act, or (C) pursuant to another available exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act, subject to the Company’s right prior to any offer, sale or transfer pursuant to clauses (B) or (C) to require the delivery of an opinion of counsel, certificates or other information reasonably satisfactory to the Company for the purpose of determining the availability of an exemption.
(f) The Investor will not engage in hedging transactions involving the Units unless such transactions are in compliance with the Securities Act.
(g) The Investor represents and warrants that the undersigned is not a citizen of the United States and is not, and has no present intention of becoming, a resident of the United States (defined as being any natural person physically present within the United States for at least 183 days in a 12-month consecutive period or any entity who maintained an office in the United States at any time during a 12-month consecutive period). The Investor understands that the Company may rely upon the representations and warranty of this paragraph as a basis for an exemption from registration of the Units under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the provisions of relevant state securities laws.
5.11 The Investor is not a “disqualified organization.” “Disqualified organization” means (i) the federal government of the United States; (ii) any state or political subdivision of the United States; (iii) any foreign government; (iv) any international organization; (v) any agency or instrumentality of any of the organizations listed in clauses (i), (ii), (iii) or (iv) above; (vi) any other tax exempt organization, other than a farmer’s cooperative described in Section 521 of the Code that is exempt from both income taxation and from taxation under the unrelated business taxable income provisions of the Code; or (vii) any rural electrical or telephone cooperative.
5.12 The Investor understands, acknowledges and agrees that the Company will use proceeds from Investor’s investment for general working capital and to advance a portion to Arch Therapeutics, Inc., a Massachusetts corporation (“Arch”) in connection with that certain binding letter of intent between the Company and Arch dated April 19, 2013.
5.13 The Investor represents that neither it nor, to the Investor’s knowledge, any person or entity controlling, controlled by or under common control with the Investor, nor any person or entity having a beneficial interest in the Investor, nor any other person or entity on whose behalf the undersigned is acting (i) is a person or entity listed in the annex to Executive Order No. 13224 (2001) issued by the President of the United States (Executive Order Blocking Property and Prohibiting Transactions with Persons Who Commit, Threaten to Commit, or Support Terrorism); (ii) is named on the List of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons maintained by the U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC); (iii) is a non-U.S. shell bank or is providing banking services indirectly to a non-U.S. shell bank; (iv) is a senior non-U.S. political figure or an immediate family member or close associate of such figure; or (v) is otherwise prohibited from investing in the Company pursuant to applicable U.S. anti-money laundering, antiterrorist and asset control laws, regulations, rules or orders (categories (i) through (v) collectively, a “Prohibited Investor”). The Investor agrees to provide the Company, promptly upon request, all information that the Company reasonably deems necessary or appropriate to comply with applicable U.S. anti-money laundering, antiterrorist and asset control laws, regulations, rules and orders. The Investor consents to the disclosure to U.S. regulators and law enforcement authorities by the Company and its affiliates and agents of such information about the Investor as the Company reasonably deems necessary or appropriate to comply with applicable U.S. anti-money laundering, antiterrorist and asset control laws, regulations, rules and orders. If the Investor is a financial institution that is subject to the PATRIOT Act, Public Law No. 107-56 (Oct. 26, 2001) (the “Patriot Act”), the Investor represents that the Investor has met all of its respective obligations under the Patriot Act. The Investor acknowledges that if, following the investment in the Company by the Investor, the Company reasonably believes that the Investor is a Prohibited Investor or is otherwise engaged in suspicious activity or refuses to provide promptly information that the Company requests, the Company has the right or may be obligated to prohibit additional investments, segregate the assets constituting the investment in accordance with applicable regulations or immediately require Investor to transfer the Units, Shares, Warrants or Warrant Shares. The Investor further acknowledges that the Investor will not have any claim against the Company or any of its affiliates or agents for any form of damages as a result of any of the foregoing actions.
6. Notices. All notices, requests, consents and other communications hereunder shall be in writing, shall be mailed (A) if within the United States by first-class registered or certified airmail, or nationally recognized overnight express courier, postage prepaid, or by facsimile, or (B) if delivered from outside the United States, by International Federal Express or facsimile, and shall be deemed given (i) if delivered by first-class registered or certified mail, three business days after so mailed, (ii) if delivered by nationally recognized overnight carrier, one business day after so mailed, (iii) if delivered by International Federal Express, two business days after so mailed, (iv) if delivered by facsimile, upon electronic confirmation of receipt and shall be delivered as addressed as follows:
|(a)||if to the Company, to:||Almah, Inc.|
|28-32 Pembroke St Upper|
|Dublin 2, Ireland|
|Attn: Chief Executive Officer|
|Phone: (353) 871536401|
|(b)||with a copy to:||Greenberg Traurig LLP|
|1201 K Street, Suite 1100|
|Sacramento, CA 95814|
|Attn: Mark C Lee|
|Phone: (916) 442-1111|
|Fax: (916) 448-1709|
(c) if to the Investor, at its address on the signature page hereto, or at such other address or addresses as may have been furnished to the Company in writing.
7. Changes. This Agreement may not be modified or amended except pursuant to an instrument in writing signed by the Company and the Investor.
8. Headings. The headings of the various sections of this Agreement have been inserted for convenience of reference only and shall not be deemed to be part of this Agreement.
9. Severability. In case any provision contained in this Agreement should be invalid, illegal or unenforceable in any respect, the validity, legality and enforceability of the remaining provisions contained herein shall not in any way be affected or impaired thereby.
10. Governing Law. This Agreement shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the internal laws of the State of Nevada, without giving effect to the principles of conflicts of law.
11. Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in two or more counterparts, each of which shall constitute an original, but all of which, when taken together, shall constitute but one instrument, and shall become effective when one or more counterparts have been signed by each party hereto and delivered to the other parties.
12. Rule 144. The Company covenants that it will timely file the reports required to be filed by it under the Securities Act and the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations adopted by the SEC thereunder (or, if the Company is not required to file such reports, it will, upon the request of the Investor holding Shares and Warrant Shares purchased hereunder made after the first anniversary of the Closing Date, make publicly available such information as necessary to permit sales pursuant to Rule 144 under the Securities Act), and it will take such further action as the Investor may reasonably request, all to the extent required from time to time to enable such Investor to sell Shares or Warrant Shares purchased hereunder without registration under the Securities Act within the limitation of the exemptions provided by (a) Rule 144 under the Securities Act, as such Rule may be amended from time to time, or (b) any similar rule or regulation hereafter adopted by the SEC. Upon the request of the Investor, the Company will deliver to such holder a written statement as to whether it has complied with such information and requirements.
13. Confidential Information. The Investor represents to the Company that, at all times during the Company’s offering of the Units, the Investor has maintained in confidence all non-public information regarding the Company received by the Investor from the Company or its agents, and covenants that it will continue to maintain in confidence such information and shall not use such information for any purpose other than to evaluate the purchase of the Units until such information (a) becomes generally publicly available other than through a violation of this provision by the Investor or its agents or (b) is required to be disclosed in legal proceedings (such as by deposition, interrogatory, request for documents, subpoena, civil investigation demand, filing with any governmental authority or similar process), provided, however, that before making any use or disclosure in reliance on this subparagraph (b) the Investor shall give the Company at least fifteen (15) days prior written notice (or such shorter period as required by law) specifying the circumstances giving rise thereto and will furnish only that portion of the non-public information which is legally required and will exercise its best efforts to obtain reliable assurance that confidential treatment will be accorded any non-public information so furnished.
The risks described below are the ones the Company believes are the most important for the Investor to consider, although these risks are not the only ones that the Company faces. If events anticipated by any of the following risks actually occur, the Company’s business, operating results or financial condition could suffer and the trading price of the Company’s common stock could decline.
Further, the risks described below assume the consummation of a proposed reverse acquisition transaction between the Company and ARCH THERAPEUTICS, INC., a MASSACHUSETTS CORPORATION (“ARCH”), PURSUANT TO WHICH ARCH WILL MERGE WITH A CORPORATION WHOLLY-OWNED BY THE COMPANY IN CONSIDERATION FOR THE ISSUANCE BY THE COMPANY OF SHARES OF COMMON STOCK OF THE COMPANY TO THE STOCKHOLDERS OF ARCH (THE “MERGER TRANSACTION”). ARCH OPERATES AS A LIFE SCIENCE COMPANY DEVELOPING POLYMERS CONTAINING PEPTIDES INTENDED TO FORM GEL-LIKE BARRIERS OVER WOUNDS TO STOP OR CONTROL BLEEDING. ASSUMING THE SUCCESSFUL CLOSING OF THE MERGER TRANSACTION, ARCH SHALL BECOME A WHOLLY-OWNED SUBSIDIARY OF THE COMPANY AND THE BUSINESS OF THE COMPANY SHALL CONSIST PRIMARILY OF THE BUSINESS OF ARCH.
AS USED BELOW, “WE,” “US” AND “our” refer COLLECTIVELY to ALMAH, Inc. and ARCH, AND REFERENCES TO the “Company” REFER TO THE COMPANY AFTER GIVING EFFECT TO THE MERGER TRANSACTION.
Risks Relating to our Business and Financial Condition
WE HAVE INCURRED LOSSES IN PRIOR PERIODS AND MAY INCUR LOSSES IN THE FUTURE.
We cannot be assured that we can achieve or sustain profitability on a quarterly or annual basis in the future. Our operations are subject to the risks and competition inherent in the establishment of a business enterprise. There can be no assurance that future operations will be profitable. We may not achieve our business objectives and the failure to achieve such goals would have an adverse impact on us.
OUR FUTURE IS DEPENDENT UPON OUR ABILITY TO OBTAIN FINANCING. IF WE DO NOT OBTAIN SUCH FINANCING, WE MAY HAVE TO CEASE OUR ACTIVITIES AND INVESTORS COULD LOSE THEIR ENTIRE INVESTMENT.
There is no assurance that we will operate profitably or generate positive cash flow in the future. We will require additional financing in order to proceed with the manufacture and distribution of our products. We will also require additional financing to pay the fees and expenses necessary to become and operate as a public company. We will also need more funds if the costs of the development and operation of our existing technologies are greater than we have anticipated. We will also require additional financing to sustain our business operations if we are not successful in earning revenues. We may not be able to obtain financing on commercially reasonable terms or terms that are acceptable to us when it is required. Our future is dependent upon our ability to obtain financing. If we do not obtain such financing, our business could fail and investors could lose their entire investment.
BECAUSE WE MAY NEVER EARN REVENUES FROM OUR OPERATIONS, OUR BUSINESS MAY FAIL AND INVESTORS MAY LOSE ALL OF THEIR INVESTMENT IN OUR COMPANY.
We have no history of revenues from operations. We have yet to generate positive earnings and there can be no assurance that we will ever operate profitably. Our company has a limited operating history. If our business plan is not successful and we are not able to operate profitably, then our stock may become worthless and investors may lose all of their investment in our company.
Prior to obtaining customers and distribution for our products, we anticipate that we will incur increased operating expenses without realizing any revenues. We therefore expect to incur significant losses into the foreseeable future. We recognize that if we are unable to generate significant revenues from the sale of our products in the future, we will not be able to earn profits or continue operations. There is no history upon which to base any assumption as to the likelihood that we will prove successful, and we can provide no assurance that we will generate any revenues or ever achieve profitability. If we are unsuccessful in addressing these risks, our business will fail and investors may lose all of their investment in our company.
We will not be successful if the medical community AND OTHER POTENTIAL CUSTOMERS DO not adopt our productS.
Our success will depend on the acceptance by the medical community and other potential customers of our proposed products. We cannot predict how quickly, if at all, the medical community or other potential customers will accept our products, or, if accepted, the continuation or extent of their use. Our potential customers must:
|·||believe that our products offer benefits compared to the methodologies and/or devices that they are currently using;|
|·||use our products and obtain acceptable clinical outcomes;|
|·||believe that our products are worth the price that they will be asked to pay; and|
|·||be willing to commit the time and resources required to change their current methodology.|
Because we will be selling a new technology, we have limited ability to predict the level of growth or timing in sales of these products. If we encounter difficulties in growing our sales of our new medical products in the United States or internationally, our business will be seriously harmed.
If we do not successfully train a sufficient number of surgeons to use our products, demand for our products could be adversely affected.
It is critical to the commercial success of our products that we succeed in training a sufficient number of surgeons and in providing them adequate instruction in the use of our products. This training requires a commitment of time and money by surgeons which they may be unwilling to give. Even if surgeons are willing, if they are not properly trained, they may misuse or ineffectively use our products. This may result in unsatisfactory patient outcomes, patient injury, negative publicity or lawsuits against us, any of which could damage our business, reduce product sales and subject us to claims and other liabilities.
We are subject to a number of existing laws and regulations, non-compliance with which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations, and we are susceptible to a changing regulatory environment.
As a participant in the healthcare industry, our operations and products, and those of our customers, will be regulated by numerous government agencies, both inside and outside the United States. The impact of this on us is direct, to the extent we are subject to these laws and regulations, and indirect in that in a number of situations, even though we may not be directly regulated by specific healthcare laws and regulations, our products must be capable of being used by our customers in a manner that complies with those laws and regulations.
The manufacture, distribution, marketing and use of our products will be subject to extensive regulation and increased scrutiny by the Federal Drug Enforcement Agency (FDA) and other regulatory authorities globally. Any new product, including our hemostatic nanostructured synthetic peptide, must undergo lengthy and rigorous testing and other extensive, costly and time-consuming procedures mandated by FDA and foreign regulatory authorities. Changes to products may be subject to vigorous review, including additional 510(k) and other regulatory submissions, and approvals are not certain. Our facilities must be approved and licensed prior to production and remain subject to inspection from time to time thereafter. Failure to comply with the requirements of FDA or other regulatory authorities, including a failed inspection or a failure in our adverse event reporting system, could result in adverse inspection reports, warning letters, product recalls or seizures, monetary sanctions, injunctions to halt the manufacture and distribution of products, civil or criminal sanctions, refusal of a government to grant approvals or licenses, restrictions on operations or withdrawal of existing approvals and licenses. Any of these actions could cause a loss of customer confidence in us and our products, which could adversely affect our sales. The requirements of regulatory authorities, including interpretative guidance, are subject to change and compliance with additional or changing requirements or interpretative guidance may subject the company to further review, result in product launch delays or otherwise increase our costs. In connection with these issues, there can be no assurance that additional costs or civil and criminal penalties will not be incurred, that additional regulatory actions with respect to the company will not occur, that the company will not face civil claims for damages from purchasers or users, that substantial additional charges or significant asset impairments may not be required, that sales of other products may not be adversely affected, or that additional regulation will not be introduced that may adversely affect the Company’s operations and consolidated financial statements.
The sales, marketing and pricing of products and relationships that pharmaceutical and medical device companies have with healthcare providers are under increased scrutiny by federal, state and foreign government agencies. Compliance with the Anti-Kickback Statute, False Claims Act, Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (including as these laws relate to off-label promotion of products) and other healthcare related laws, as well as competition, data and patient privacy and export and import laws is under increased focus by the agencies charged with overseeing such activities, including FDA, Office of Inspector General, Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Federal Trade Commission. The DOJ and the Securities and Exchange Commission have also increased their focus on the enforcement of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA), particularly as it relates to the conduct of pharmaceutical companies. The FCPA and similar anti-bribery laws generally prohibit companies and their employees, contractors or agents from making improper payments to government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Healthcare professionals in many countries are employed by the government and consequently are considered government officials. Foreign governments have also increased their scrutiny of pharmaceutical companies’ sales and marketing activities and relationships with healthcare providers and competitive practices generally. The laws and standards governing the promotion, sale and reimbursement of our proposed products and those governing our relationships with healthcare providers and governments can be complicated, are subject to frequent change and may be violated unknowingly. Violations, or allegations of violations, of these laws may result in large civil and criminal penalties, debarment from participating in government programs, diversion of management time, attention and resources and may otherwise have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The laws and regulations discussed above are broad in scope and subject to evolving interpretations, which could require us to incur substantial cost associated with compliance or to alter one or more of our sales and marketing practices and may subject us to enforcement actions which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Issues with product quality could have an adverse effect upon our business, subject us to regulatory actions and cause a loss of customer confidence in us or our products.
Our success depends upon the quality of our proposed products. Quality management plays an essential role in determining and meeting customer requirements, preventing defects, improving the company’s products and services and maintaining the integrity of the data that supports the safety and efficacy of our products. Our future success depends on our ability to maintain and continuously improve our quality management program. A quality or safety issue may result in adverse inspection reports, warning letters, product recalls or seizures, monetary sanctions, injunctions to halt manufacture and distribution of products, civil or criminal sanctions, costly litigation, refusal of a government to grant approvals and licenses, restrictions on operations or withdrawal of existing approvals and licenses. An inability to address a quality or safety issue in an effective and timely manner may also cause negative publicity, a loss of customer confidence in us or our current or future products, which may result in the loss of sales and difficulty in successfully launching new products.
The implementation of healthcare reform in the United States may adversely affect our business.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Act), which was signed into law in March 2010, includes several provisions which may impact our business in the United States, including increased Medicaid rebates and an expansion of the 340B Drug Pricing Program which provides certain qualified entities, such as hospitals serving disadvantaged populations, with discounts on the purchase of drugs for outpatient use and an excise tax on the sale of certain drugs and medical devices. We may also experience downward pricing pressure on our proposed products as the Act reduces Medicare and Medicaid payments to hospitals. While it is intended to expand health insurance coverage and increase access to medical care generally, the long-term impact of the Act on our business and the demand of our products is uncertain. Similarly, we cannot predict the impact of the additional regulations that need to be established to implement many of the Act’s provisions.
If reimbursement for our future products is reduced or modified in the United States or abroad, our business could suffer.
Sales of our proposed products depend, in part, on the extent to which the costs of our products are paid by both public and private payors. These payors include Medicare, Medicaid, and private health care insurers in the United States and foreign governments and third-party payors outside the United States. Public and private payors are increasingly challenging the prices charged for medical products and services. We may experience downward pricing pressures from third-party payors which could result in an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operational results.
Austerity measures or other reforms by foreign governments may limit, reduce or eliminate payments for our products and adversely affect both our pricing flexibility and demand for our products. Accordingly, reimbursement may not be available or sufficient to allow us to sell our products on a competitive basis. Legislation and regulations affecting reimbursement for our products may change at any time and in ways that may be adverse to us.
There is substantial competition in the product markets in which we operate and in the development of alliances with research, academic and governmental institutions.
We face substantial competition in healthcare and pharmaceutical companies of all sizes. Competition is primarily focused on cost-effectiveness, price, service, product performance, and technological innovation. Competition may increase further as additional companies begin to enter our markets or modify their existing products to compete directly with ours. If our competitors respond more quickly to new or emerging technologies and changes in customer requirements, our products may be rendered obsolete or non-competitive. If our competitors develop more effective or affordable products, or achieve earlier patent protection or product commercialization than we do, our operations will likely be negatively affected. If we are forced to reduce our prices due to increased competition, our business could become less profitable.
We also face competition for marketing, distribution and collaborative development agreements, for establishing relationships with academic and research institutions, and for licenses to intellectual property. In addition, academic institutions, government agencies and other public and private research organizations may also conduct research, seek patent protection and establish collaborative arrangements for discovery, research, clinical development and marketing of products similar to ours. These companies and institutions compete with us in recruiting and retaining qualified scientific and management personnel as well as in acquiring technologies complementary to our programs. If we are unable to successfully compete with these companies and institutions, our business may suffer.
If we are unable to protect our patents or other proprietary rights, or if we infringe the patents or other proprietary rights of others, our competitiveness and business prospects may be materially damaged.
Patent and other proprietary rights are essential to our business. Our success depends to a significant degree on our ability to obtain and enforce patents and licenses, such as our license from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology relating to the hemostatic nanostructured synthetic peptide. We cannot guarantee that any proposed or pending patent applications will result in issued patents, that patents issued or licensed will not be challenged or circumvented by competitors, that our patents will not be found to be invalid or that the intellectual property rights of others will not prevent the company from selling certain products or including key features in the company’s products.
The patent position of a healthcare company is often uncertain and involves complex legal and factual questions. Significant litigation concerning patents and products is pervasive in our industry. Patent claims include challenges to the coverage and validity of our patents on products or processes as well as allegations that our products infringe patents held by competitors or other third parties. A loss in any of these types of cases could result in a loss of patent protection or the ability to market products, which could lead to a significant loss of sales, or otherwise materially affect future results of operations.
We will rely on trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets and know-how to develop, maintain and strengthen our competitive positions. Third parties may know, discover or independently develop equivalent proprietary information or techniques, or they may gain access to our trade secrets or disclose our trade secrets to the public. Misappropriation or other loss of our intellectual property would have an adverse effect on our competitive position and may cause us to incur substantial litigation costs.
If our business development activities are unsuccessful, our business could suffer and our financial performance could be adversely affected.
As part of our long-term strategy, we are engaged in business development activities including evaluating acquisitions, joint development opportunities, technology licensing arrangements and other opportunities. These activities may result in substantial investment of our resources. Our success developing products or expanding into new markets from such activities will depend on a number of factors, including our ability to find suitable opportunities for acquisition, investment or alliance; whether we are able to complete an acquisition, investment or alliance on terms that are satisfactory to us; the strength of the other company’s underlying technology, products and ability to execute its business strategies; any intellectual property and litigation related to these products or technology; and our ability to successfully integrate the acquired company, business, product, technology or research into our existing operations, including the ability to adequately fund acquired in-process research and development projects. If we are unsuccessful in our business development activities, we may be unable to meet our financial targets and our financial performance could be adversely affected.
IMPACT OF CREDIT MARKET UNCERTAINTY.
Significant deterioration in the financial condition of large financial institutions in recent years resulted in a severe loss of liquidity and available credit in global credit markets and in more stringent borrowing terms. Accordingly, we may be limited in our ability to borrow funds to finance our operations. An inability to obtain sufficient financing at cost-effective rates could have a materially adverse effect on our planned business operations and financial condition.
OUR BUSINESS IS SUBJECT TO RISKS OF TERRORIST ACTS, ACTS OF WAR, POLITICAL UNREST, PUBLIC HEALTH CONCERNS, LABOR DISPUTES AND NATURAL DISASTERS.
Terrorist acts, acts of war, political unrest, public health concerns, labor disputes or national disasters may disrupt our operations, as well as those of our customers. These types of acts have created, and continue to create, economic and political uncertainties and have contributed to global economic instability. Future terrorist activities, military or security operations, or natural disasters could weaken the domestic and global economies and create additional uncertainties, thus forcing our customers to reduce their capital spending, or cancel or delay already planned construction projects, which could have a material adverse impact on our business, operating results and financial condition, including loss of sales or customers.
THE EXPECTED RESULTS FROM OUR PREVIOUSLY DISCLOSED POTENTIAL MERGER WITH ARCH THERAPEUTICS, INC. MAY VARY SIGNIFICANTLY FROM OUR EXPECTATIONS, AND WE CAN PROVIDE NO ASSURANCE THAT SUCH POTENTIAL MERGER WILL BE COMPLETED.
The expected results from our potential merger transaction with Arch might vary materially from those anticipated and disclosed by us, and we can provide no assurance that such potential merger will be completed. These expectations are inherently subject to uncertainties and contingencies. These assumptions may be impacted by factors that are beyond our control including the business of Arch, the U.S. economy, our ability to obtain financing to complete the merger with Arch, and Arch board of directors and stockholders approval of the potential merger. Any one of these factors may result in our failure to complete the potential merger and such failure to complete the potential merger may have significant adverse consequences on our ability to operate and survive as a viable entity.
THERE CAN BE NO ASSURANCE THAT THE PROPOSED MERGER WILL IN FACT BE CONSUMMATED AND ANY FAILURE TO CONSUMMATE SUCH A TRANSACTION MAY ADVERSELY IMPACT OUR ABILITY TO GENERATE LIQUIDITY FOR OUR STOCKHOLDERS AND TO RAISE NECESSARY CAPITAL.
We have entered into a binding letter of intent with Arch, dated as of April 19, 2013, which contains various conditions, including approval by Arch’s stockholders and the entry into definitive agreements. There can be no assurance that the proposed merger transaction will be consummated. Even if we are able to close the potential merger transaction, there is no assurance that we will be able to attract the attention of major brokerage firms and/or that a public market for its securities will develop.
Risks Relating to our Securities and our Status as a Public Company
THE RELATIVE LACK OF PUBLIC COMPANY EXPERIENCE OF OUR MANAGEMENT TEAM MAY PUT US AT A COMPETITIVE DISADVANTAGE.
Our management team lacks public company experience and is generally unfamiliar with the requirements of the United States securities laws and U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, which could impair our ability to comply with legal and regulatory requirements such as those imposed by Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. The individual who holds all of the principal officer positions of the company has never had responsibility for managing a publicly traded company. Such responsibilities include complying with federal securities laws and making required disclosures on a timely basis. Our senior management may not be able to implement programs and policies in an effective and timely manner that adequately responds to such increased legal, regulatory compliance and reporting requirements. Our failure to comply with all applicable requirements could lead to the imposition of fines and penalties and distract our management from attending to the growth of our business.
SHARES OF OUR COMMON STOCK THAT HAVE NOT BEEN REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED, REGARDLESS OF WHETHER SUCH SHARES ARE RESTRICTED OR UNRESTRICTED, ARE SUBJECT TO RESALE RESTRICTIONS IMPOSED BY RULE 144, INCLUDING THOSE SET FORTH IN RULE 144(I) WHICH APPLY TO A “SHELL COMPANY.” IN ADDITION, ANY SHARES OF OUR COMMON STOCK THAT ARE HELD BY AFFILIATES, INCLUDING ANY RECEIVED IN A REGISTERED OFFERING, WILL BE SUBJECT TO THE RESALE RESTRICTIONS OF RULE 144(I).
Pursuant to Rule 144 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (“Rule 144”), a “shell company” is defined as a company that has no or nominal operations; and, either no or nominal assets; assets consisting solely of cash and cash equivalents; or assets consisting of any amount of cash and cash equivalents and nominal other assets. As such, we may be deemed a “shell company” pursuant to Rule 144 prior to the potential merger, and as such, sales of our securities pursuant to Rule 144 are not able to be made until a period of at least twelve months has elapsed from the date on which our Current Report on Form 8-K is filed with the SEC reflecting our status as a non-“shell company.” Therefore, any restricted securities we sell in the future or issue to consultants or employees, in consideration for services rendered or for any other purpose will have no liquidity until and unless such securities are registered with the SEC and/or until a year after the date of the filing of our Current Report on Form 8-K and we have otherwise complied with the other requirements of Rule 144. As a result, it may be harder for us to fund our operations and pay our employees and consultants with our securities instead of cash. Furthermore, it will be harder for us to raise funding through the sale of debt or equity securities unless we agree to register such securities with the SEC, which could cause us to expend additional resources in the future. Our previous status as a “shell company” could prevent us from raising additional funds, engaging employees and consultants, and using our securities to pay for any acquisitions (although none are currently planned), which could cause the value of our securities, if any, to decline in value or become worthless. Lastly, any shares held by affiliates, including shares received in any registered offering, will be subject to the resale restrictions of Rule 144(i).
We will be required to incur significant costs and require significant management resources to evaluate our internal control over financial reporting as required under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and any failure to comply or any adverse result from such evaluation may have an adverse effect on our stock price.
As a smaller reporting company as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, we are required to evaluate our internal control over financial reporting under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (“Section 404”). Section 404 requires us to include an internal control report with our Annual Report on Form 10-K. This report must include management’s assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of the end of the fiscal year. This report must also include disclosure of any material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting that we have identified. Failure to comply, or any adverse results from such evaluation could result in a loss of investor confidence in our financial reports and have an adverse effect on the trading price of our equity securities. As of March 31, 2013, the management of the Company assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on the criteria for effective internal control over financial reporting established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”) and SEC guidance on conducting such assessments. Management concluded, as of the quarter ended March 31, 2013, that its internal controls and procedures were effective to detect the inappropriate application of U.S. GAAP rules. Achieving continued compliance with Section 404 may require us to incur significant costs and expend significant time and management resources. No assurance can be given that we will be able to fully comply with Section 404 or that we and our independent registered public accounting firm would be able to conclude that our internal control over financial reporting is effective at fiscal year end. As a result, investors could lose confidence in our reported financial information, which could have an adverse effect on the trading price of our securities, as well as subject us to civil or criminal investigations and penalties. In addition, our independent registered public accounting firm may not agree with our management’s assessment or conclude that our internal control over financial reporting is operating effectively.
IF WE LOSE OUR KEY MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL, WE MAY NOT BE ABLE TO SUCCESSFULLY MANAGE OUR BUSINESS OR ACHIEVE OUR OBJECTIVES, AND SUCH LOSS COULD ADVERSELY AFFECT OUR BUSINESS, FUTURE OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION.
Our future success depends in large part upon the leadership and performance of our executive management team and key consultants. If we lose the services of one or more of our executive officers or key consultants, or if one or more of them decides to join a competitor or otherwise compete directly or indirectly with us, we may not be able to successfully manage our business or achieve our business objectives. We do not have “Key-Man” life insurance policies on our key executives. If we lose the services of any of our key consultants, we may not be able to replace them with similarly qualified personnel, which could harm our business. The loss of our key executives or our inability to attract and retain additional highly skilled employees may adversely affect our business, future operations, and financial condition.
THE ELIMINATION OF MONETARY LIABILITY AGAINST OUR DIRECTORS, OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES UNDER NEVADA LAW AND THE EXISTENCE OF INDEMNIFICATION RIGHTS TO OUR DIRECTORS, OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES MAY RESULT IN SUBSTANTIAL EXPENDITURES BY OUR COMPANY AND MAY DISCOURAGE LAWSUITS AGAINST OUR DIRECTORS, OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES.
Our Articles of Incorporation contain a provision permitting us to eliminate the personal liability of our directors to our company and stockholders for damages for breach of fiduciary duty as a director or officer to the extent provided by Nevada law. The foregoing indemnification obligations could result in the Company incurring substantial expenditures to cover the cost of settlement or damage awards against directors and officers, which we may be unable to recoup. These provisions and resultant costs may also discourage our Company from bringing a lawsuit against directors and officers for breaches of their fiduciary duties, and may similarly discourage the filing of derivative litigation by our stockholders against our directors and officers even though such actions, if successful, might otherwise benefit our company and stockholders.
OUR STOCK IS CATEGORIZED AS A PENNY STOCK. TRADING OF OUR STOCK MAY BE RESTRICTED BY THE SEC’S PENNY STOCK REGULATIONS WHICH MAY LIMIT A STOCKHOLDER’S ABILITY TO BUY AND SELL OUR STOCK.
Our stock is categorized as a penny stock. The SEC has adopted Rule 15g-9 which generally defines “penny stock” to be any equity security that has a market price (as defined) less than US$ 5.00 per share or an exercise price of less than US$ 5.00 per share, subject to certain exceptions. Our securities are covered by the penny stock rules, which impose additional sales practice requirements on broker-dealers who sell to persons other than established customers and accredited investors. The penny stock rules require a broker-dealer, prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from the rules, to deliver a standardized risk disclosure document in a form prepared by the SEC which provides information about penny stocks and the nature and level of risks in the penny stock market. The broker-dealer also must provide the customer with current bid and offer quotations for the penny stock, the compensation of the broker-dealer and its salesperson in the transaction and monthly account statements showing the market value of each penny stock held in the customer’s account. The bid and offer quotations, and the broker-dealer and salesperson compensation information, must be given to the customer orally or in writing prior to effecting the transaction and must be given to the customer in writing before or with the customer’s confirmation. In addition, the penny stock rules require that prior to a transaction in a penny stock not otherwise exempt from these rules, the broker-dealer must make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive the purchaser’s written agreement to the transaction. These disclosure requirements may have the effect of reducing the level of trading activity in the secondary market for the stock that is subject to these penny stock rules. Consequently, these penny stock rules may affect the ability of broker-dealers to trade our securities. We believe that the penny stock rules discourage investor interest in and limit the marketability of our common stock.
FINRA SALES PRACTICE REQUIREMENTS MAY ALSO LIMIT A STOCKHOLDER’S ABILITY TO BUY AND SELL OUR STOCK.
In addition to the “penny stock” rules described above, FINRA has adopted rules that require that in recommending an investment to a customer, a broker-dealer must have reasonable grounds for believing that the investment is suitable for that customer. Prior to recommending speculative low priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer’s financial status, tax status, investment objectives and other information. Under interpretations of these rules, FINRA believes that there is a high probability that speculative low priced securities will not be suitable for at least some customers. The FINRA requirements make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy our common stock, which may limit your ability to buy and sell our stock and have an adverse effect on the market for our shares.
TO DATE, WE HAVE NOT PAID ANY CASH DIVIDENDS AND NO CASH DIVIDENDS WILL BE PAID IN THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE.
We do not anticipate paying cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future and we may not have sufficient funds legally available to pay dividends. Even if the funds are legally available for distribution, we may nevertheless decide not to pay any dividends. We presently intend to retain all earnings for our operations.
OUR COMMON STOCK IS NOT LISTED ON ANY STOCK EXCHANGE AND THERE IS NO ESTABLISHED MARKET FOR SHARES OF OUR COMMON STOCK. EVEN IF A MARKET FOR OUR COMMON STOCK DEVELOPS, OUR COMMON STOCK COULD BE SUBJECT TO WIDE FLUCTUATIONS.
Our common stock is not listed on any stock exchange. Although our common stock is quoted on the OTCBB, there is no established public market for shares of our common stock, and no trades of our common stock have taken place on the OTCBB. Even if the shares of our common stock may in the future trade on the OTCBB, the liquidity and price of our common stock is expected to be more limited than if such securities were quoted or listed on a national exchange. No assurances can be given that an active public trading market for our common stock will develop or be sustained. If trading of our securities commences on the OTCBB, the trading volume we will develop may be limited by the fact that many major institutional investment funds, including mutual funds, as well as individual investors follow a policy of not investing in bulletin board stocks and certain major brokerage firms restrict their brokers from recommending bulletin board stocks because they are considered speculative, volatile and thinly traded. Lack of liquidity will limit the price at which stockholders may be able to sell our common stock.
Even if our common stock will in the future trade on the OTCBB, the price of such common stock could be subject to wide fluctuations, in response to quarterly variations in our operating results, announcements by us or others, developments affecting us, and other events or factors. In addition, the stock market has experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations in recent years. These fluctuations have had a substantial effect on the market prices for many companies, often unrelated to the operating performance of such companies, and may adversely affect the market prices of the securities. Such risks could have an adverse affect on the stock’s future liquidity.
IF WE ISSUE ADDITIONAL SHARES IN THE FUTURE, IT WILL RESULT IN THE DILUTION OF OUR EXISTING STOCKHOLDERS.
Our articles of incorporation authorize the issuance of up to 300,000,000 shares of common stock with a par value of $0.001 per share. Our Board of Directors may choose to issue some or all of such shares to acquire one or more companies or assets and to fund our overhead and general operating requirements. The issuance of any such shares may reduce the book value per share and may contribute to a reduction in the market price of the outstanding shares of our common stock. If we issue any such additional shares, such issuance will reduce the proportionate ownership and voting power of all current stockholders. Further, such issuance may result in a change of control of our corporation.
WE MAY NOT QUALIFY TO MEET LISTING STANDARDS TO LIST OUR STOCK ON AN EXCHANGE.
The SEC approved listing standards for companies using reverse acquisitions to list on an exchange may limit our ability to become listed on an exchange. We would be considered a reverse acquisition company (i.e., an operating company that becomes an Exchange Act reporting company by combining with a shell Exchange Act reporting company) that cannot apply to list on NYSE, NYSE Amex or Nasdaq until our stock has traded for at least one year on the U.S. OTC market, a regulated foreign exchange or another U.S. national securities market following the filing with the SEC or other regulatory authority of all required information about the potential merger, including audited financial statements. We would be required to maintain a minimum $4 share price ($2 or $3 for Amex) for at least thirty (30) of the sixty (60) trading days before our application and the exchange’s decision to list. We would be required to have timely filed all required reports with the SEC (or other regulatory authority), including at least one annual report with audited financials for a full fiscal year commencing after filing of the above information. Although there is an exception for a firm underwritten IPO with proceeds of at least $40 million, we do not anticipate being in a position to conduct an IPO in the foreseeable future. To the extent that we cannot qualify for a listing on an exchange, our ability to raise capital will be diminished.
WE HAVE NOT RETAINED INDEPENDENT PROFESSIONALS FOR INVESTORS.
We have not retained any independent professionals to review or comment on the offering or otherwise protect the interests of the Investors hereunder. Although the Company has retained its own counsel, such firm has not made any independent examination of any factual matters represented by management herein, and purchasers of the securities offered hereby should not rely on such firm so retained with respect to any matters herein described. Potential investors are encouraged to review all applicable documents with their advisors and conduct such due diligence regarding their potential investment in the Company as they deem appropriate.
THE FOREGOING RISK FACTORS DO NOT PURPORT TO BE A COMPLETE EXPLANATION OF ALL OF THE RISKS INVOLVED IN PURCHASING THE UNITS OFFERED HEREIN. POTENTIAL INVESTORS SHOULD READ THIS MEMORANDUM IN ITS ENTIRETY AND REVIEW THE COMPANY’S EXCHANGE ACT DOCUMENTS BEFORE DETERMINING WHETHER TO PURCHASE THE UNITS.